Basic Facts - Carnaval de Rio
MIGRATION IN BRAZIL: Check the following information on the number of migrants in Brazil
Brasil is the world's 24th exporting nation with US $201.9 billion (2010 est.) with China being number one with 15.2% of exports followed by the US 9.6%, Argentina 9.2%, Netherlands 5.1% and Germany 4%. Brazil exports transportation equipment, iron ore, soybeans, footwear, coffee, autos, planes. Imports: Brasil is the world's 22nd importing nation with US $181.7 billion (2010 est.) with the US being the number one partner with 15% of the total, China 14.1%, Argentina 7.9%, Germany 6.9%, South Korea 4.6%. Brazil imports are machinery, electrical equipment, chemical products, oil, automotive parts, electronics. Brazil is the world's 9th oil producing nation with 2.746 million bbl/day (2010 est.) and world's 7th oil consuming nation, with 2.654 million bbl/day (2010 est.). With the production of ethanol for domestic consumption Brazil expects to become a net oil exporter.
You can visit the following websites:
CIA factbook information on Brazil
Short Video by US Ambassador on US investments in Brazil
Short Video on doing Business in Sao Paulo
|Music: Brazilian music first grabbed international attention in Europe, between 1914 and 1922, with the success of the dance-hall style maxixe. In the 1940s samba made its debut in the international scene with Ary Barroso's "Aquarela do Brasil" (known in the world as "Brazil"). Barroso's tunes were part of Walt Disney films and other Hollywood productions. Then Carmen Miranda became famous singing sambas and marchas - an exotic young woman with colorful skirts, lots of jewelry, and a basket of fruits atop her head.
One of samba's variations, called bossa nova, was made famous in the 1959 movie Black Orpheus, which won the Cannes Film Festival grand prize and the Academy Award for best foreign film. In 1962, with music by Antonio Carlos Jobim and lyrics by Vinicius de Moraes, "The Girl from Ipanema" by Astrud Gilberto & Stan Getz received a grammy for the Record of the Year and the Album of the Year award went to João Gilberto & Stan Getz for Getz/Gilberto. (Best New artist award went to The Beatles!). Brazilian music has influenced a number of latin rythm and modern jazz. Pop singers from Brazil, like Roberto Carlos, who won a Grammy in 1989, have also had a long & briliant carrer.
In 1989 the Lambada, a sexy dance from Pará in Brazil, became famous worldwide. The Limbo, dancing underneath a stick, is really from Trinidad and not from Brazil.
You should watch the following videos:
- Carmen Miranda singing Chica Chica Boom Chic - very entertaining!
- Astrud Gilberto & Stan Getz and "The Gril from Ipanema" in Black & White - TV show and in Color - Film - But please, listen to the composer Antonio Carlos Jobim and the writer Vinicius de Moraes singing together Garota de Ipanema
- Roberto Carlos singing Un miilon de amigos - a million friends, one of his most popular latin pop songs.
|Futebol: For Brazilians, soccer or "futebol" is everything. Brazil is the most successful national soccer team in the history of the FIFA World Cup, with five championships. At continental level, Brazil has won eight Copa América titles. The first ever match play by the Brazilian National Team was in 1914 against the English club Exeter City. Brazilian say about soccer: "Os ingleses o inventaram, os brasileiros o aperfeiçoaram" "The English invented it, the Brazilians perfected it"
Brazil is currently ranked sixth by FIFA after Spain, Germany, but is still considered the strongest football nation in the world. Brazil is the only national team to have played in every World Cup and the only team to have won the championship in four different continents; once in Europe (1958 Sweden), once in South America (1962 Chile), twice in North America (1970 Mexico and 1994 USA) and once in Asia (2002 S. Korea-Japan). The only World Cup played in Brazil was in 1950 and Uruguay defeated Brazil in the Maracaná Stadium with close to 200,000 spectators in what was called the "maracanazo". Brazil hopes to win the 2014 World Cup hosted for the second time in Brazil.
The most beloved soccer player in Brazil is Edson Arantes do Nascimento, nicknamed "Pelé", born in October 1940 and proclaimed O Rei do Futebol, "The King of Football". Pelé began playing for club Santos at 15 and his national team at 16, and won his first World Cup at 17. He was named by the Olympic Committee the Athlete of the Century in 1999. The top scorer of all time, in his career he scored 1281 goals in 1363 games, retiring in 1977. He has been a goodwill ambassador and a vocal support of policies to improve the social conditions of the poor in Brazil and the world.
You should watch the following video of Pelé and a collection of his best goals and tricks: Best of Pele!